Just three minutes before Donald Trump left office on inauguration day, a â€œshadowyâ€� company1 called Global Resource Systems LLC received control of tens of millions of Pentagon-owned IP addresses that were previously dormant.2
The U.S. Department of Defense (DOD) made the mysterious transfer, and the number of DOD-owned IP addresses announced by Global Resource Systems increased from 56 million in late January to 175 million in April 2021.3
â€œIt is massive. That is the biggest thing in the history of the internet,â€� Doug Madory, director of internet analysis at network operating company Kentik, told The Associated Press, which conducted an investigation into the strange occurrence.4 For reference, this swath of internet real estate amounts to one twenty-fifth of the current internet, and more than twice the size of internet being actively used by the Pentagon.5
Theories quickly emerged from the networking community about why an obscure company was handed so much of the Pentagonâ€™s internet.
A Washington Post article suggested, “Did someone at the Defense Department sell off part of the military’s vast collection of sought-after IP addresses as Trump left office? Had the Pentagon finally acted on demands to unload the billions of dollarsâ€™ worth of IP address space the military has been sitting on, largely unused, for decades?”6,7
Weeks went by before any explanations were provided, but the Pentagonâ€™s response left more questions than answers.
Pentagon: â€˜Pilot Effortâ€™ to â€˜Prevent Unauthorized Useâ€™
The project is reportedly being run by the Pentagonâ€™s Defense Digital Service (DDS), which was launched in 2015 to help the DOD â€œsolve high-impact challengesâ€� via â€œprivate-sector tools, approaches and talent.â€� Brett Goldstein, DDS director, stated:8
“DDS was created to bring in the best and brightest, to help advance the mission to solve some of our hardest technical problems, and to make sure technology doesn’t get in the way of our mission: national defense. I think one of the things we’ve learned in government is that technology needs to enable the mission.”
In regard to the internet mystery, Goldstein said the â€œpilot projectâ€� intends to â€œassess, evaluate and prevent unauthorized use of DOD IP address space,â€� and, according to the AP, â€œâ€˜identify potential vulnerabilitiesâ€™ as part of efforts to defend against cyber-intrusions by global adversaries, who are consistently infiltrating U.S. networks, sometimes operating from unused internet address blocks.â€�9
Cybersecurity experts have suggested the IP addresses may be part of so-called â€œhoneypots,â€� which are intentionally vulnerable to attract hackers, or an effort to set up software and servers to monitor for suspicious activities.10 According to Madory:11
â€œI interpret this to mean that the objectives of this effort are twofold. First, to announce this address space to scare off any would-be squatters, and secondly, to collect a massive amount of background internet traffic for threat intelligence.â€�
To get an idea of the scope of this pilot project and the many mysteries still behind it, Madory explained:12
â€œFollowing the increase, AS8003 [the entity announcing the DODâ€™s internet space] became, far and away, the largest AS in the history of the internet as measured by originated IPv4 space. By comparison, AS8003 now announces 61 million more IP addresses than the now-second biggest AS in the world, China Telecom, and over 100 million more addresses than Comcast, the largest residential internet provider in the U.S.
â€¦ While yesterdayâ€™s statement from the DoD answers some questions, much remains a mystery. Why did the DoD not just announce this address space themselves instead of directing an outside entity to use the AS of a long dormant email marketing firm? Why did it come to life in the final moments of the previous administration?â€�
The Company Has DARPA, Internet Surveillance Ties
Not much is known about Global Resource Systems, the company the Pentagon called upon to manage its address space, even though it has no record of government contracts. The AP revealed it has an address in Plantation, Florida, and was incorporated in Delaware and registered by a Beverly Hills lawyer.
Raymond Saulino is the only name associated with the company, however, and he is also linked to Packet Forensics, a cybersecurity/internet surveillance equipment company. According to the AP:13
â€œThe company had nearly $40 million in publicly disclosed federal contracts over the past decade, with the FBI and the Pentagonâ€™s Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency [DARPA] among its customers â€¦
In 2011, Packet Forensics and Saulino, its spokesman, were featured in a Wired14 story because the company was selling an appliance to government agencies and law enforcement that let them spy on peopleâ€™s web browsing using forged security certificates.
The company continues to sell â€˜lawful interceptâ€™ equipment, according to its website. One of its current contracts with the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency is for â€˜harnessing autonomy for countering cyber-adversary systems.â€™ A contract description says it is investigating â€˜technologies for conducting safe, nondisruptive, and effective active defense operations in cyberspace.â€™
Contract language from 2019 says the program would â€˜investigate the feasibility of creating safe and reliable autonomous software agencies that can effectively counter malicious botnet implants and similar large-scale malware.â€™â€�
Adding even more confusion, a company by the same name â€” Global Resource Systems â€” and address was accused of sending email spam before it shut down more than 10 years ago.
Internet fraud researcher Ron Guilmette, who sued Global Resource Systems in 2006 for unfair business practices, told the AP, â€œItâ€™s deeply suspicious â€¦ If they wanted to be more serious about hiding this they could have not used Ray Saulino and this suspicious name.â€�15
DARPA Developed an Injectable Biosensor
DARPA has a long history of surveillance, including using medical and non-medical data to prevent terror attacks. DARPA managed Total Information Awareness (TIA), a program that sprang up after the 9/11 attacks that was seeking to collect Americansâ€™ medical records, fingerprints and other biometric data, along with DNA and records relating to personal finances, travel and media consumption.16
They also worked on the development of an injectable biosensor with its maker, Profusa.17 The sensor allows a personâ€™s physiology to be examined at a distance via smartphone connectivity. Profusa is also backed by Google, the largest data mining company in the world.
Hydrogel is another DARPA invention, which involves nanotechnology and nanobots. This bioelectronic interface is part of the COVID-19 mRNA vaccinesâ€™ delivery system. The biochip being developed by Profusa is similar to the proposed COVID-19 mRNA vaccines in that it utilizes hydrogel.
The implant is the size of a grain of rice, and connects to an online database that will keep track of changes in your biochemistry and a wide range of biometrics, such as heart and respiratory rate and much more.
Profusa said it intended to seek FDA approval for their tissue-integrating biosensor in 2021,18 and a DARPA-backed study is also underway to measure early signs of influenza via the biosensor technology. The injectable sensors will be used to measure physiological statuses to reveal not only indicators of human response to infection but also â€œexposure to disease in healthy volunteers.â€�19
A wireless patch that measures tissue oxygen levels would also be used, sending information to a mobile device for real-time data. According to Profusa, the biosensors may detect disease outbreaks, biological attacks and pandemics up to three weeks earlier than current methods.20 It would seem, however, that in order for such sensors to work on a widespread scale, extensive adoption would be required.
The Pentagon Created the Internet for Surveillance
While the internet is viewed as a tool to promote the dissemination of information, it was built by the government as a tool to spy on citizens. If youâ€™re interested in learning more about the little-known beginnings of the internet, I encourage you to read the book â€œSurveillance Valley: The Secret Military History of the Internet,â€� by Yasha Levine.21
Levine, an investigative journalist, reveals that the internet began in the Vietnam-era and was used to spy on guerrilla fighters and antiwar protestors, â€œa military computer networking project that ultimately envisioned the creation of a global system of surveillance and prediction.â€� Whatâ€™s more, the military surveillance objectives that underpinned the internetâ€™s development are still in force today.22
Consider Google, which tracks your movements online, even when you don’t think you are using their products, because most websites you visit use the â€œfreeâ€� Google Analytics program to track everything you do on a website.
Since the early 2000s, Google and Facebook in particular have been data mining online users. These data, then, have been applied to deep learning computers, giving them unprecedented ability to predict the type of messaging triggers that will create the maximum amount of fear â€” and thus compliance.
Silicon Valley Is Tied to US Intelligence Agencies
Silicon Valley remains deeply connected to U.S. intelligence agencies. Many suspect Facebook is the public-friendly version of DARPAâ€™s Lifelog, a database project aimed at tracking the minutiae of peopleâ€™s entire existence for national security surveillance purposes.23 The Pentagon pulled the plug on Lifelog February 4, 2004, in response to backlash over privacy concerns.24 Yet that same day, Facebook was launched.25 Coincidence?
Google, Amazon, Twitter and other major tech companies are also tied to the â€œmilitary-industrial-intelligence-media complex,â€� to quote journalist Edward Curtin from Off-Guardian.26 All provide invaluable surveillance and censorship functions, and without them, the totalitarian control system we now find ourselves caught in wouldnâ€™t be possible.
Even the U.S. Postal Service has apparently been monitoring Americansâ€™ social media posts via its United States Postal Inspection Service (USPIS) Internet Covert Operations Program (iCOP).27 Echoing the trend of strangeness, Rachel Levinson-Waldman, deputy director of the Brennan Center for Justiceâ€™s liberty and national security program, told Yahoo News, â€œThis seems a little bizarreâ€�:28
â€œBased on the very minimal information thatâ€™s available online, it appears that [iCOP] is meant to root out misuse of the postal system by online actors, which doesnâ€™t seem to encompass whatâ€™s going on here. Itâ€™s not at all clear why their mandate would include monitoring of social media thatâ€™s unrelated to use of the postal system.â€�
A key solution will be decentralized platforms that not only virtually eliminate censorship but also foster privacy and free speech. What can you do to protect your privacy online right now? Here are a few suggestions:
Switch from Facebook and Twitter to free-speech alternatives29 such as Gab, MeWe, Minds and Parler.
Switch from YouTube to uncensored alternatives30 such as Bitchute, Brighteon, Banned.video and Thinkspot.
Download the Signal or Telegram app to encrypt your text messages. Telegram also allows you to subscribe to channels (read-only messages are sent to your phone from any channel you subscribe. This feature is starting to be increasingly used by individuals who have been banned on other social media platforms).
Use a VPN on your desktop, laptop and mobile devices to preserve your privacy.
For content creators and alternative news sources that no longer have a social media presence due to censoring, subscribe to their newsletter if available, and/or mark their website in your favorites and check back on a regular basis.
Boycott Google by avoiding any and all Google products: