Polycystic ovary syndrome is a hormonal disorder common among women of reproductive age. Complications can include infertility, gestational diabetes or pregnancy-induced high blood pressure, miscarriage or premature birth, and endometrial cancer.
Signs and symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome vary. A diagnosis is made when women experience at least two of these signs:
- Irregular periods.
- Elevated levels of male hormones, which may result in physical signs, such as excess facial and body hair, or hirsutism, and occasionally severe acne and male-pattern baldness.
- Polycystic ovaries, where the ovaries may be enlarged, develop numerous small collections of fluid surrounding the eggs and fail to regularly release eggs.
Treatment for polycystic ovary syndrome focuses on managing individual concerns, such as infertility, hirsutism, acne or obesity. Specific treatment might involve lifestyle changes or medication.
If you’ve been diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome, learn more about the treatment options that might be right for you.